Private Banks 民营银行
Private banks are financial institutions that are not owned or controlled by the state. A handful of privately owned banks have been founded since the 1990s, beginning with China Minsheng Bank, but they remain subject to administrative intervention and government bailouts. And while the existing private banks are more likely to lend to the private sector than state-owned banks, analysts say that small and medium-sized enterprises still face difficulty getting credit. In July 2013, the State Council announced that private investors will be allowed to “set up private banks at their own risk on a trial basis,” paving the way for a new generation of privately controlled banks in China.